Angus, Barbara, Conor and Doris #NameourStorms 2016/17
--- #StormAngus has just been officially named by the Met Office affecting SE England, with an Amber warning for Kent and Sussex during Sunday 20th Nov 2016 morning.---
We have a whole new list of names for the storms this season. Met Office UK and Met Eireann are going to continue naming low pressure systems which are forecast to have significant impacts on the UK and Ireland. It’s not just about WIND this year.
Why are we doing this?
It’s about giving the public information on approaching severe weather so they can prepare. Naming an event gives the weather story a better identity from weather services, the media (newspapers, television and radio) and on social media. It is hoped that severe weather messages are more clearly communicated.
When does a low pressure get named?
This year the naming will be linked to Amber and Red warning status. This a change from last year for the UK Met Office and will hopefully give a more consist message. However, Met Eireann has a list of criteria to be reached to qualify as an Amber or Red warning whereas the UK Met Office system is now impact based. The low pressures are often named a few days ahead, to help spread the message. Naming a storm less than 24 hours before isn't what this project is about. However. red warnings often only come out close to the event as they kick off a sequence of events involving emergency services, councils and transport links. Amber warnings also don't always have a long lead time, so we'll have to see how these two issues are balanced. Early enough for the messages to be communicated but still matched by the logistical implications of issuing an Amber/Red warning.
Last year, we started with Abigail (NW Scotland) and then Barney (Wales). Clodagh had more impact for the Republic of Ireland and then northern England. Although Storm Desmond did bring severe gales, that system will be remembered more for the huge rainfall totals and resultant flooding. Early Dec 2015 - Cumbria saw a new UK rainfall records with over 340mm falling in 24 hours and over 400mm in under 48 hours, that’s nearly 16” of rain.
Desmond was initially named for the low’s winds, but it was the impacts from the rainfall which affected more people. Northern England saw widespread flooding, power outages as a substation flooded and landslips on roads and railways with disruption near Carlisle between Manchester and Glasgow lasting for months.
This has led to one of the major changes in this year's storm naming.
Wind, Rain and Snow
Last time, it was just windstorms which were named. This year impacts from wind, rain and snow will be included when naming low pressures. The project remains a trial or pilot scheme.
Met Eireann seem less enthusiastic this time. Last year they presented a lovely graphic, this time I struggled to find anything on their website and only one little low-key tweet.
Eva was the Christmas Eve storm which just added to the flooding problems with more heavy rain. For Jan 2016, Frank and Gertrude brought more stormy weather in the north, with a Met Office red warning for Shetland and a top gust of 105mph. The Northern Isles are pretty hardy about gales, so a red warning there meant real extreme weather. Henry followed quickly with more disruption over Scotland resulting in a Wind Day (not Snow day) for schools in the Western Isles
With such a project, to get the mainstream media on board with #NameourStorms a southern Britain storm was needed. Low pressure after low pressure took the usual autumn path near to NW UK, which meant the storm naming wasn’t really being taken that seriously in some quarters. Finally, Imogen arrived. Early February strong winds caused disruption with power outages, trees down, and to transport across southern England and Wales.
After that, there were 2 more storms in March and both affected southern Britain; Jake and then Katie for the end of Easter Weekend. And that was it! If you were waiting for Nigel, Orla or Phil etc. I’m afraid you are out of luck.
Who chooses these names?
Last year the Met Office and Met Eireann invited the public to send in suggestions, and the created a list from those. The new list is also from the 4 thousand suggestions sent in last year. If a low pressure is linked to the remnants of a hurricane or Tropical storm, the low will keep its Atlantic name, so ex-tropical Storm Karl, ex-Hurricane Alex etc.
Why are there not any Qs, Us, Xs, Ys, Zs ?
This is in keeping with the National Hurricane Centre naming convention for Cyclones. These letters are not used. So sorry to all those Ursulas and Zoes . It is also male/female in the listing, Abigail last year and starting with Angus this time. #StormAngus
How the linking of a named storm with an Amber warning from the Met Office for the UK will work, I'm not sure. A lot of weather presenters were ready on Friday to cover the story in their weekday output, yet it was named with barely 12 hours notice. Whilst some new outlets have 24 hour coverage, there is a lot more staff available to get this message out, just one day earlier. And the naming of storms is just a media tool to help get the message out. An Amber warning has repercussions for council processes and the emergency services. We'll see how this year's trial pans out