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knocker

The physics of the Earth’s atmosphere I. Phase change associated with tropopause

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Always keep an open mind.

 

 

Atmospheric profiles in North America during the period 2010-2011, obtained from archived radiosonde measurements, were analysed in terms of changes in molar density (D) with pressure (P). This revealed a pronounced phase change at the tropopause. The air above the tropopause (i.e., in the tropopause/stratosphere) adopted a “heavy phaseâ€, distinct from the conventional “light phase†found in the troposphere. This heavy phase was also found in the lower troposphere for cold, Arctic winter radiosondes.

 

Reasonable fits for the complete barometric temperature profiles of all the considered radiosondes could be obtained by just accounting for these phase changes and for changes in humidity. This suggests that the well-known changes in temperature lapse rates associated with the tropopause/stratosphere regions are related to the phase change, and not “ozone heatingâ€, which had been the previous explanation.

 

Possible correlations between solar ultraviolet variability and climate change have previously been explained in terms of changes in ozone heating influencing stratospheric weather. These explanations may have to be revisited, but the correlations may still be valid, e.g., if it transpires that solar variability influences the formation of the heavy phase, or if the changes in incoming ultraviolet radiation are redistributed throughout the atmosphere, after absorption in the stratosphere.

 

The fits for the barometric temperature profiles did not require any consideration of the composition of atmospheric trace gases, such as carbon dioxide, oxone or methane. This contradicts the predictions of current atmospheric models, which assume the temperature profiles are strongly influenced by greenhouse gas concentrations. This suggests that the greenhouse effect plays a much smaller role in barometric temperature profiles than previously assumed.

 

http://oprj.net/oprj-archive/atmospheric-science/19/oprj-article-atmospheric-science-19.pdf

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Here are the three papers. Perhaps not a completely open mind. Started reading it but off to bed with a good book.

 

Summary: “The physics of the Earth’s atmosphere†Papers 1-3

 

In these papers, we show that carbon dioxide does not influence the atmospheric temperatures. This directly contradicts the greenhouse effect theory, which predicts that carbon dioxide should increase the temperature in the lower atmosphere (the “troposphereâ€), and decrease the temperature in the middle atmosphere (the “stratosphereâ€).

 

It also contradicts the man-made global warming theory, since the the basis for man-made global warming theory is that increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will cause global warming by increasing the greenhouse effect. If the greenhouse effect doesn’t exist, then man-made global warming theory doesn’t work.

 

Aside from this, the results in our papers also offer new insights into why the jet streams exist, why tropical cyclones form, weather prediction and a new theory for how ozone forms in the ozone layer, amongst many other things.

 

http://globalwarmingsolved.com/2013/11/summary-the-physics-of-the-earths-atmosphere-papers-1-3/#comment-5

Edited by knocker

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The lapse rate

 

I’ve just encountered a new global warming site called Global warming solved (archived). The site appears to be run by a family who also owns a journal called The Open Peer-Reviewed Journal, the first 8 papers in which are all authored by them. You can find the journal quite easily if you wish, but these papers include a review of millenial temperature reconstructions, a review of temperature homogenisation, and a major correction to the physics of the greenhouse effect (which, according to them, is negligible). These people are either incredible polymaths or ….

 

On their brand new website, they summarise their papers. In one of their summaries (archived here) they say,

 

This means that we should be finding a very complex temperature profile, which is strongly dependent on the infrared-active gases. Instead, we found the temperature profile was completely independent of the infrared-active gases.

 

This is quite a shocking result. The man-made global warming theory assumes that increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations will cause global warming by increasing the greenhouse effect. So, if there is no greenhouse effect, this also disproves the man-made global warming theory.

 

To be fair, this is quite a tricky concept and one that I’ve had to think about for a while before understanding myself. However, it is – I believe – roughly correct that the greenhouse effect does not influence the temperature gradient (typically called the lapse rate). What it does, though, is make the lower atmosphere opaque to outgoing long-wavelength radiation and hence makes the lower atmosphere adiabatic (As per kdk33′s comment below, it’s not the atmosphere as a whole that’s adiabatic, it’s more the parcels of air. The energy can’t simply be directly radiated out of the lower atmosphere and so the parcels of air expand and contract adiabatically – at least I think that’s a fair description of the assumption). One can therefore estimate the lapse rate using fairly basic physics.

 

http://andthentheresphysics.wordpress.com/2014/02/23/the-lapse-rate/

Edited by knocker

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