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tablet last won the day on May 19 2018

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  1. but it is incredible what they are now finding at the south pole , very interesting read https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/02/ross-ice-shelf-bore-antarctica-freezing/?fbclid=IwAR0LR0jOG4HmMc1VW_zATPYn9mRRgcMNBkvbh8-RMEKP8h1s6O0PKSLIDPs
  2. Esperanza is 2000 miles away from the south pole , that would be the north pole equivalent to Oslo , which has an average summer temperature of 17.5°C (64°F) ,but have been known to climb above 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius), as for the Esperanza temperature , a higher temperature of 19.8 Celsius ( 67.6 Fahrenheit) was recorded at Signy research station on January 30th 1982 if you look at the difference ( which is very easy using Ventusky.com ) you will see the temperature difference between the peninsula and the main body of the continent , even in summer is vast .
  3. Urban heat island effect photographed in June's heat wave by NASA's ECOSTRESS Maps , the heat sink properties of concrete , tarmac , and urbanization can be clearly seen early in the day Using any temperature readings from these area's would almost certainly skew recorded temperature records warmer than the true temperature of the surrounding areas , which can be clearly seen to be much cooler , and well below the half a degree correction used for the UHIE ( urban heat island effect ) at the present time ( note the airports are marked , as temperature recording equipment is present at most ) source - https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7445&fbclid=IwAR06X9kqUS6NWWaGRqvCQcMisTjI54eXun1BhyL3TdAmrOkMYWEHacZIrZs
  4. .. and we all know how really good the climate models have been in the last 20 years ,, don't we
  5. pictures "DO" paint a thousand words , here are 2 heat maps from December 2016 , one is the " Modelled " temperature of our planet , the other is where NASA has Actual temperature reading equipment , from realclimatescience.com , but if you check with NASA , it's very true
  6. This study aims to estimate the affect of urbanisation on daily maximum and minimum temperatures in the United Kingdom. Urban fractions were calculated for 10 km × 10 km areas surrounding meteorological weather stations. Using robust regression a linear relationship between urban fraction and temperature difference between station measurements and ERA‐Interim reanalysis temperatures was estimated. For an urban fraction of 1.0, the daily minimum 2‐m temperature was estimated to increase by 1.90 ± 0.88 K while the daily maximum temperature was not significantly affected by urbanisation. This result was then applied to the whole United Kingdom with a maximum T min urban heat island intensity (UHII) of about 1.7K in London and with many UK cities having T min UHIIs above one degree. https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/asl.896
  7. Royal Meteorological Society Confirms Urban Heat Island Effect… “Significantly Increased” Daily Minimum UK Temperature By Up To 1.70 K! https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/asl.896
  8. I'm thinking that they can't , after this time Devonian ,,,, but I can provide move evidence if you want
  9. where is that happening then Knocker ? source - Ryan Moue source of charts - Klotzbach et al 2018 https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0184.1
  10. Anomalously high geothermal flux near the South Pole Published: 14 November 2018 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-35182-0#Fig1
  11. no noticeable cooling , is that right ? Western Pacific , He et al., 2018 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0959683618810399?journalCode=hola Together with the weakening upwelling condition observed from the same core, we believe that the temperature decreasing trend in the studied region since the end of the LIA [(the recent ~100 years)] is probably caused by changes in current strength instead of coastal upwelling. Less warm water from the south area was transported to the region, probably because of the changes in the weakening KC overturning the increasing global temperature signal in the YS and ECS regions since the end of the LIA (He et al., 2014). In fact, this decreasing SST trend was also observed in many UK’37-SST records among sites located in the mid-latitude western Pacific region since the end of the LIA (Figure 3, Kim et al., 2004; Li et al., 2009; Nakanishi et al., 2012b; Ruan et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2011). In addition, three ~400-year UK’37-SST records from sediment cores collected in the Mirs Bay, northeastern Hong Kong also show cooling trends in this period Subpolar north Atlantic , Orme et al., 2018 https://folk.uib.no/abo007/publications/orme_miettinen18.qsr.pdf The diatom-based reconstruction shows warmer reconstructed temperatures than the dinocyst-based reconstruction and the modern measured summer SST (June-August) of 10.9°C. … The overall long-term cooling trend in the diatom-based SST reconstruction for the last 6.1 ka fits with the widely established cooling in the subpolar North Atlantic since the Holocene Thermal Maximum, resulting from decreasing Northern Hemisphere summer insolation (e.g. Calvo et al., 2002; Marchal et al., 2002; Andersen et al., 2004a, 2004b; Andersson et al., 2010; Jiang et al., 2015; Sejrup et al., 2016). … The earliest warm period at ~6.1-4 ka BP had average reconstructed SSTs of 12-13.3°C, with the warmest temperatures in the record occurring at ~6.1-5.5 ka BP (c. 13°C). The cooler period ~4-2 ka BP had reconstructed SST that varied around 11.5°C, with minima at 3.2 and 2.4 ka BP interrupted by a short warming at 2.7 ka BP. In the most recent period after 2 ka BP the SSTs again increased peaking at 1.8 ka BP, yet SSTs did not attain values as high as those reconstructed for 6.1-4 ka BP. … In the diatom-based record the mean reconstructed temperature between 4 and 2 ka BP is 11.5°C compared with 12.5 and 12.1°C in the periods before 4 ka BP and after 2 ka BP respectively, showing a reconstructed cooling of 0.6-1°C. In the dinocyst-based record the mean reconstructed temperature between 4 and 2 ka BP is 10.3°C compared with 11.3 and 11.6°C in the periods before 4 ka BP and after 2 ka BP respectively, showing a cooling of 1-1.3°C ...so " It's been a good fifteen years since the argument was first used, and still the Earth is warming " ,, it would seem not all of the world
  12. well I guess we will find out who's lying , it was due in court on Monday 5th November 2018 , but the court has postponed it , after Ridd and his supporters turned up
  13. I claimed only that in the course of time , the data had been altered , which it clearly has
  14. My apologies JeffC , but it was the best audio version I could currently find , I am waiting for a write up , which shouldn't be long in appearing
  15. have a look here , Carles Pelejero Paper from 2005 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/309/5744/2204 it's pay walled but worth a read The oceans are becoming more acidic due to absorption of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The impact of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems is unclear, but it will likely depend on species adaptability and the rate of change of seawater pH relative to its natural variability. To constrain the natural variability in reef-water pH, we measured boron isotopic compositions in a ∼300-year-old massive Porites coral from the southwestern Pacific. Large variations in pH are found over ∼50-year cycles that covary with the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation of ocean-atmosphere anomalies, suggesting that natural pH cycles can modulate the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems. " suggesting that natural pH cycles can modulate the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems "
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