Jump to content
  • Welcome to the new Netweather community learning and research area. We've only just started in here, so keep checking back for new articles and guides. And please let the team know if there's something you'd like to see covered.

  • Sign in to follow this  

    Summer synoptic setups


    Thundery wintry showers

    This is my revised version of the summer synoptics guide.

    The standard summer synoptic setup

    post-7-1212434462_thumb.jpg

    Traditionally, in summer, we have a strong Azores High out to the south-west, low pressure systems moving from west to east to the north of Britain, and westerly winds dominating, bringing cool cloudy weather and rain at times. Southern areas see the warmest and sunniest weather as they are closest to the influence of ridges from the Azores High.

    Low pressure dominated scenarios

    Cool, cloudy, unsettled summer weather is often associated with a conveyor belt of strong westerly winds, a flattened Azores High well to the south-west, and low pressure systems and fronts bringing bands of rain west to east at regular intervals. The Julys of 1992, 1993, 1998, 2002 and 2004 all had this pattern. When lows track further south than usual (over northern Britain, say, rather than to the north of Scotland) it can be especially wet- July 2007 was a good example.

    post-7-1212434720_thumb.jpg

    However, if we get a significant gap in between fronts, the result tends to be a mix of sunshine and showers- the most common pattern being a sunny start, a build up of cloud towards the afternoon and then sharp showers. When we have slow moving low pressure close by and no frontal activity, such "sunshine and showers" weather can persist for days on end- this situation generally arises when the jetstream is weak.

    post-7-1212435246_thumb.jpg

    However, if the low pressure is also associated with slow moving fronts, then instead of being bright and showery it tends to be cloudy and drizzly.

    post-7-1212435256_thumb.jpg

    High pressure setups

    For spells of warm dry sunny weather, many look out for ridges from the Azores High extending over towards the British Isles, quietening the weather down.

    post-7-1212435930_thumb.jpg

    Sometimes this can indeed herald the start of a fine spell, if high pressure can establish over the British Isles for upwards of a few days, but more often, the ridge brings just a day or two of fine weather before the next Atlantic system comes in and the high retreats to the south-west. Often the ridge just covers southern areas, giving warm dry sunny weather in the south, and dull damp weather in the north.

    If a ridge from the Azores High connects with high pressure over and/or to the east of Britain, however, we may get a prolonged spell of warm dry sunny weather, for instance the famous summer of 1976 was dominated by this setup.

    post-7-1212435995_thumb.jpg

    Eastern blocking

    Blocking over and/or to the east of Britain can sometimes bring hot sunny spells on its own, without the need for ridging from the Azores High- such a pattern typically has low pressure to the west, and the Azores High displaced to the west of its usual position.

    post-7-1212436528_thumb.jpg

    Persistence of this pattern resulted in the hot summer of 1995 and the exceptional July of 2006. It can also give rise to significant thunderstorms when Atlantic systems push against the block, bringing a "Spanish plume" event with southerlies bringing storms up from the near Continent. However, if the jetstream strengthens, such a pattern is usually temporary, as the Atlantic systems push through, the block retreats eastwards and we get a thundery breakdown followed by westerlies.

    Northern blocking

    Sometimes high pressure prevails to the north of Britain (this type of setup is far more common during June than July or August, as the westerlies are traditionally weaker). This brings a pattern of easterly winds, it is often warm, dry and sunny in the north-west, cool, dull and misty near the east coast, while central and southern areas tend to be warm and humid with thundery rain periodically moving up from the south.

    post-7-1212436967_thumb.jpg

    The mid-Atlantic high

    Finally, it is also possible for the Azores High to be displaced northwards into the mid-Atlantic, giving northerlies over the British Isles. This setup tends to be cool and cloudy, especially in eastern areas, as frontal systems move southwards around the periphery of the high, though western areas are often sunny.

    post-7-1212437425_thumb.jpg

    However, if we pick up an unmodified draw of air from the Arctic with a significant gap between fronts, the result tends to be sunshine and showers- similar to what I described under the low pressure setups- this setup tends to be cool but can also provide very dramatic weather with hail and thunder, particularly for eastern England.

    post-7-1212437532_thumb.jpg

    • Thanks 2
    Sign in to follow this  


    User Feedback

    Recommended Comments

    There are no comments to display.



    Join the conversation

    You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
    Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

    Guest
    Add a comment...

    ×   Pasted as rich text.   Restore formatting

      Only 75 emoji are allowed.

    ×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

    ×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

    ×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • COVID-19 Pandemic

    This special COVID-19 Pandemic research topic is intended to be a resource where reputable scientific papers, reports, articles and websites are listed. New material will be continually added, so please check back frequently. Material in Green provides basic information and advice. Non-green material may contain detailed medical and scientific information which some readers may wish to avoid. Click on the title of a paper you are interested in to go straight to the full paper. If you know abou

    Blessed Weather
    Blessed Weather
    Research 2

    UK Airmasses

    The main Air Masses that affect the United Kingdom Air Masses are defined as a large body of air (covering many thousands of square kilometers) which at any given level has almost uniform temperatures, lapse rates(see topic on this), and humidity. Their Source Regions are large areas of the earth where air often stagnates for long periods. Examples of these are the Polar Regions, and the sub tropics. Air over any of these regions may stay for long periods and thus picks up the characte

    Paul
    Paul
    The Basics

    Thunderstorms In The British Isles

    There was already a guide written by me about UK thunderstorm set-ups, but it was done some 10+ years ago now and I've felt for a while that it needed a re-vamp and updating to make a more comprehensive guide to the processes that produce the various types of thunderstorms we see in the UK. So here it is ... the Netweather guide to thunderstorms in the British Isles .... 15 pages long: Thunderstorms in the British Isles.pdf

    Nick F
    Nick F
    The Basics 3

    Summer synoptic setups

    This is my revised version of the summer synoptics guide. The standard summer synoptic setup Traditionally, in summer, we have a strong Azores High out to the south-west, low pressure systems moving from west to east to the north of Britain, and westerly winds dominating, bringing cool cloudy weather and rain at times. Southern areas see the warmest and sunniest weather as they are closest to the influence of ridges from the Azores High. Low pressure dominated scenarios

    Thundery wintry showers
    Thundery wintry showers
    The Basics

    The Arctic Oscillation (AO)

    The Arctic Oscillation Arctic Oscillation is an important lead on expected winter conditions in the Northern Hemisphere, loosely described as negative ( colder ) positive ( milder).  The image below gives you a great contrast of a winter we will all easily recall with an extremely negative AO and a little further back a winter at the opposite end of the scale.   When considering the overall forecast for Winter it is important to note any variables which provide clues as to which

    lorenzo
    lorenzo
    The Basics
×
×
  • Create New...